What is reflexivity in ABA?
Reflexivity In simple terms, a learner demonstrates reflexivity when they are able to engage in a matched sample in which they are NOT taught that “A = A” but are still able to match the stimuli.
What is a DOR in ABA?
A differential observing response (DOR) consists of a unique response that the learner emits before or during a trial and may be used during receptive label training to increase the likelihood the learner attends to the relevant features of the sample stimulus (Grow & LeBlanc, 2013).
How do you teach stimulus equivalence?
Teaching a behavior in the presence of a stimulus that is a member of a stimulus class should generalize over to the other members in the stimulus class. When adding a new item to a stimulus equivalence class, the new item must be conditioned to at least one stimulus in the equivalence class.
What is transitivity in ABA?
An emergent relationship that is produced when two other stimulus-stimulus relationships have been mastered. Specifically, when an individual is trained that A=B and B=C, the individual can state that A=C without being explicitly taught this third relationship. Related Articles: ©2022 STUDY NOTES ABA, LLC.
What is stimulus salience?
Stimulus salience refers to the features of objects in the environment attract our attention. Salience can be any number of features—bright colors, fast movement, personal relevance, or, in the nonvisual domain, a loud or distinctive sound or smell.
What is the difference between DRD and DRL?
The technical difference between DRL and DRD is that in DRD, reinforcement follows a response that has been preceded by a minimum amount of time since the last response. DRL technically refers to providing reinforcement for fewer and fewer responses exhibited by the individual.
What is stimulus equivalence example?
A child is presented with a stimuli card printed with Q and says, “airplane.” A child is taught * is “mail” and that * is the same as +, correctly generalizes that + is also “mail.”
What does stimulus equivalence mean?
Stimulus Equivalence. • Exists when a learner correctly identifies a symbolic relationship. between two or more non-identical stimuli without specific training on that relationship. • In other words, the learner makes untrained but accurate connections. between stimuli.
Why is transitivity important ABA?
The property of transitivity involves training two stimuli individually with a third and the learner recognizing that the two individually-trained stimuli also have a relation. An understanding of transitivity is crucial in teaching response classes, generalization, and building language.
What is salient event?
Salient events are an attentional mechanism by which organisms learn and survive; those organisms can focus their limited perceptual and cognitive resources on the pertinent (that is, salient) subset of the sensory data available to them. Saliency typically arises from contrasts between items and their neighborhood.
What is DRO DRA and DRI?
There are four forms of differential reinforcement: Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible behavior (DRI) Differential Reinforcement of Alternative behavior (DRA) Differential Reinforcement of Other behavior (DRO) Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates (DRL)
When should Dra be used?
DRA is useful for behaviors that may occur at high or low rates, as this procedure involves teaching the individual to engage in a more appropriate behavior than the behavior targeted for reduction.
What are the three components of stimulus equivalence?
#Stimulus equivalence classes are formally defined by reflexivity, symmetry, and transitivity between stimulus class members. all three are EMERGENT behaviours.
What class of bike is a Stromer?
Our Stromer bikes are Speed Pedelecs, meaning fast e-bikes up to 45 km/h, which belong to the vehicle class L1e-B (USA: Class 3) or two-wheeled moped class. The bike as well as all add-on parts (side mirrors or horn) are homologated for road use.
What makes Stromer special?
What makes Stromer special? Swiss Technology. We believe that quality can be found in every mile. Even during the daily commute. This is why we develop Speed Pedelecs with strength of character. Power. Range. Design. Connectivity. Which Stromer is the right fit for you? Configurator. Put together your perfect Stromer. About us. What drives us.
What is the weight of the Stromer vehicles?
For the Stromer ST1, ST3 and ST5 models, the permissible total weight is 150 kg. That means: Vehicle incl. battery (approx. 30 kg) plus driver, panniers and trailer. For the Stromer ST1 X, ST2 and ST2 SE models, the permissible total weight is 140 kg. That means: Vehicle incl. battery (approx. 28 kg) plus driver, panniers and trailer.
What is a Stromer speed pedal?
Stromer Speed Pedelecs are distinguished by the maximum integration of all elements for the clean Stromer look that informs the brand’s identity. When developing its products, Stromer has forged its own path from the very beginning in order to develop the perfect commuter bike.