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Where was the hoplite revolution?

Where was the hoplite revolution?

Hoplite-style warfare outside Greece Hoplite warfare was the dominant fighting style on much of the Italian Peninsula until the early 3rd century BC, employed by both the Etruscans and the Early Roman army, though scutum infantry had existed for centuries and some groups fielded both.

What is the definition for hoplite?

: a heavily armed infantry soldier of ancient Greece.

What are hoplites known for?

Hoplites were instrumental in Greek warfare and the victories of Greek armies over Persia at the battle of Marathon (490 BCE) and the battle of Plataea (479 BCE) during the Greco-Persian Wars.

What is an example of a hoplite?

A horseman fully armed is thrusting his spear into the body of his fallen foe,—a hoplite. A horseman fully armed is thrusting his spear into the body of his fallen foe—a hoplite.

What is a hoplite in ancient Greece?

Hoplite infantrymen were the military ideal of ancient Greece and were recruited from the wealthy middling ranks of society, particularly the farmers. They wore bronze armor breastplates, helmets, shin guards, shoulder pads, and sometimes foot protectors, thigh guards and forearm guards.

Why is it called a hoplite?

The word “hoplite” comes from the type of the shield used by the soldiers. In later texts, the term hoplite is used to denote any armoured infantry, regardless of armament or ethnicity. The armour of a hoplite included: helmet with face covered.

Who were the hoplites quizlet?

The Spartan hoplites had years of training to become the perfect soldiers. Spartan hoplites are recognized for their invention of the Phalanx formation, a deadly formation to kill many enemy soldiers. The Spartans once had to fight an entire army of Persians with only 300 soldiers.

What was the effect of hoplite warfare on Greece?

With the development of the hoplite phalanx, war was no longer merely an act to accrue honor and loot; it became a matter of defending one’s land and livelihood. Moreover, warfare became more egalitarian. Officers fought and died within the ranks. Champions no longer existed.

Why are hoplites called hoplites quizlet?

Citizen-soldiers became known as hoplites, from the large, round shields (hoplons) they carried.

What was the effect of Hoplite warfare on the Greek Poleis?

Hoplite warfare effected the Greek poleis in that it was start of democracy. Since the hoplites were also everyday citizens, they wanted to have a say in what wars they were fighting in.

What are hoplite soldiers?

How did the hoplite change warfare?

What is significant about the hoplite soldiers and the hoplite phalanx How did this change warfare?

Backed up by archers and light-armed troops, the hoplite phalanx remained the most important fighting unit for centuries. They advanced in close formation while protected by their overlapping shields.

What made the hoplites so effective?

Defensively, the phalanx was a row of interlocked shields. Offensively, hoplites used thrusting spears to stab their enemies. If a man in the front row was killed, he was simply replaced by the man behind him. This new system was very successful, especially against the older melee method of warfare.

What was the main strength of the hoplite force?

The strength of hoplites was shock combat. The two phalanxes would smash into each other in hopes of quickly breaking the enemy force’s line. Failing that, a battle degenerated into a pushing match, with the men in the rear trying to force the front lines through those of the enemy.