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How is benign prostatic hyperplasia diagnosed?

How is benign prostatic hyperplasia diagnosed?


  1. Digital rectal exam. The doctor inserts a finger into the rectum to check your prostate for enlargement.
  2. Urine test. Analyzing a sample of your urine can help rule out an infection or other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.
  3. Blood test.
  4. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test.

What is the confirmatory diagnostic test for benign prostatic hypertrophy?

Your doctor can do tests like a digital rectal exam and a biopsy to know for sure whether you have BPH. Once you have a diagnosis, treatments can help you avoid complications such as urinary tract infections or damage to the bladder or kidneys.

What is the gold standard for BPH?

Transurethral resection of the prostate is the current gold standard treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); however, the risks and complications associated with this procedure correlate with prostate size, and consequently open surgery is often required to treat large prostates (>100 g).

Can CT scan detect enlarged prostate?

CT scan is not typically done for diagnosis, but BPH is identified when the prostate extends above the pubic symphysis on axial imaging. BPH can also be diagnosed on a CT scan with a volume greater than 30 ml (measured with the help of coronal reformate images).

Why is TURP the gold standard?

“TURP has low morbidity and is continuously being improved,” Marberger said noting that the procedure provides an effective and durable solution. Moreover, he said that for TURP to be replaced as a ‘gold’ standard, an alternative has to be “… non-inferior to TURP in results at less morbidity.”

Can a CT scan detect enlarged prostate?

MRI and CT scan images can help identify abnormal structures in the urinary tract, but they cannot distinguish between cancerous tumors and noncancerous prostate enlargement.

Can a urine test detect prostate problems?

Urine tests: One urine test, EPI, is done using a fresh catch urine specimen. This test can help predict clinically significant prostate cancer in men who have not yet had a biopsy. Another, the PCA3 test, is done after “a vigorous rectal exam,” says Loeb.

What is the first line treatment for BPH?

Alpha blockers are recommended as first-line treatment for BPH, except for prazosin (Minipress) and phenoxybenzamine (Dibenzyline), which lack data to support their use and, therefore, are not recommended. The 5-alpha reductase inhibitors are only recommended in men with documented prostate enlargement.

Who is a good candidate for TURP?

TURP is generally considered an option for men who have moderate to severe urinary problems that haven’t responded to medication. While TURP has been considered the most effective treatment for an enlarged prostate, a number of other, minimally invasive procedures are becoming more effective.

Do you have to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia?

Treating benign prostate enlargement Treatment for an enlarged prostate will depend on how severe your symptoms are. If you have mild symptoms, you do not usually need immediate treatment, but you’ll have regular prostate check-ups. You’ll probably also be advised to make lifestyle changes, such as:

What causes BPH symptoms?

Leaking or dribbling of urine

  • Frequent nighttime awakenings to urinate
  • Urinary retention or urgency
  • A weak urine stream
  • Why does BPH cause nocturia?

    Enlarged prostate.

  • Bladder dysfunction.
  • Diabetes.
  • Edema (aka swelling) Seen often in patients with heart disease or congestive heart failure,edema can also be a cause for nocturia,says Dr.
  • Interstitial cystitis.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Neurological disorders.
  • Illness.
  • Age and Ethnicity.
  • Medications.
  • How many people have benign prostatic hyperplasia?

    This condition, Enlarged Prostate, or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), affects more than 50-60% of men in their sixties, 70-80% of men in their seventies, and 90% of men age 80 or older. Although the enlarged tissue in the prostate is non-cancerous, it can obstruct the lower urinary tract and cause a variety of issues.