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What is meant by hydrocarbon fuel?

What is meant by hydrocarbon fuel?

Hydrocarbon fuel is fuel that is derived from a hydrocarbon, which includes gasoline and jet fuel, both of which have significant uses in the modern world, from powering cars to planes to lawnmowers.

Why are fuels called hydrocarbons?

Hydrocarbon resources are often known as fossil fuels (natural gas, oil, and coal) since hydrocarbons are the primary constituent in these. Hydrocarbon resources are the largest source of primary energy, contributing to over 85% of the world’s primary energy.

What is hydrocarbon with example?

(a) Hydrocarbon is a compound of hydrogen and carbon. Examples for hydrocarbons are methane (CH4) , ethane (C2H6)and ethyne (C2H2). All these compounds are hydrocarbons as they are only made of hydrogen and carbon elements which is evident from their respective molecular formulae.

Which hydrocarbon is used as a fuel?

Propane is used as a fuel and is used to make chemicals Propane sold as a fuel for the consumer market is generally defined as HD-5, which contains a minimum of 90% propane by volume, with small quantities of other hydrocarbon gases.

What is hydrocarbon class 11?

Hydrocarbons occur naturally and form the basis of crude oil, natural gas, coal, and other important energy sources. In this unit of class 11 chemistry, we will learn in detail about nomenclature, isomerism, structure, preparation, physical & chemical properties of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, & aromatic hydrocarbons.

What is hydrocarbon and its types?

Typically, hydrocarbons are colourless gases that have very weak odours. Hydrocarbons can feature simple or relatively complex structures and can be generally classified into four subcategories, namely alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Are all fuels hydrocarbons?

Hydrocarbons are molecules consisting of both hydrogen and carbon. They are most famous for being the primary constituent of fossil fuels, namely natural gas, petroleum, and coal….Carbon dioxide emissions.

Fuel kg of CO2 emissions
Gasoline 71.5
Propane 63.2
Natural gas 53.2

How is hydrocarbon fuel produced?

Hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGLs) are produced when raw natural gas is processed at natural gas processing plants and when crude oil is refined into petroleum products. Most of the HGLs produced in the United States are separated from natural gas at natural gas processing plants.

What are 5 examples of hydrocarbons?


Alkane Molecular Formula Phase at STP
ethane C2H6 gas
propane C3H8 gas
butane C4H10 gas
pentane C5H12 liquid

What is hydrocarbon class 10th?

Answer: Hydrocarbons are organic compounds composed of elements of carbon and hydrogen only. The molecular formula for hydrocarbon compounds is CxHy. There are different types of hydrocarbons such as saturated hydrocarbons, unsaturated hydrocarbons, cycloalkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons and aliphatic hydrocarbons.

What are hydrocarbons Ncert?

The term ‘hydrocarbon’ is self-explanatory which means compounds of carbon and hydrogen only. Hydrocarbons play a key role in our daily life. You must be familiar with the terms ‘LPG’ and ‘CNG’ used as fuels. LPG is the abbreviated form of liquified petroleum gas whereas CNG stands for compressed natural gas.

Is diesel a hydrocarbon?

Diesel fuel is a mixture of hydrocarbons—with boiling points in the range of 150 to 380°C—which are obtained from petroleum. Petroleum crude oils are composed of hydrocarbons of three major classes: (1) paraffinic, (2) naphthenic (or cycloparaffinic), and (3) aromatic hydrocarbons.

What is hydrocarbon class 9?

What is a hydrocarbon class 11?

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen only, e.g., alkane, alkene and alkynes. Classification of Hydrocarbons. Alkanes. Alkanes are saturated, open chain hydrocarbons containing carbon-carbon single bonds.