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What are the benefits of integrating legumes?

What are the benefits of integrating legumes?

Legumes fix the atmospheric nitrogen, release in the soil high-quality organic matter and facilitate soil nutrients’ circulation and water retention. Based on these multiple functions, legume crops have high potential for conservation agriculture, being functional either as growing crop or as crop residue.

What are legumes UK?

Legumes are a family of plants used for food. They include peanuts, soya, lupin, green beans, green peas and fenugreek. Dried seeds known as pulses are also part of the legume family. These include chickpeas, lentils, kidney beans and other dried beans.

What is a legume farming?

A legume (/ˈlɛɡjuːm, ləˈɡjuːm/) is a plant in the family Fabaceae (or Leguminosae), or the fruit or seed of such a plant. When used as a dry grain, the seed is also called a pulse. Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for human consumption, for livestock forage and silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure.

What legumes can be grown in UK?

Within the UK there are 3 main varieties of beans grown in gardens and on allotments. French, runner and broad beans. It is possible to widen this to some other beans such as Edame beans and long beans but they may require some extra attention and care.

Do legumes revive the soil fertility?

Scientists feel that growing the legume vegetables at least once in a season will help in increasing soil fertility as they have the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through their root nodules. This reduces the use of chemical fertilisers like urea and ammonium nitrate.

Why do legumes increase soil fertility?

Legumes improve soil fertility through the symbiotic association with microorganisms, such as rhizobia, which fix the atmospheric nitrogen and make nitrogen available to the host and other crops by a process known as biological nitrogen fixation (BNF).

What are the examples of legumes crops?

Well known dried legumes include chickpeas, beans (includes butter beans, haricot (navy) beans, cannellini beans, red kidney beans, adzuki beans, black-eyed beans and soybeans), peas, lentils, lupins.

What are the best beans to grow in the UK?

Peas and beans

  • Classic overwintering broad bean. ‘Aquadulce Claudia’ has been going strong since 1850.
  • Broad bean for small gardens.
  • Ideal runner.
  • Golden goddess.
  • Top yielding climbing French bean.
  • Early climbing French bean.
  • Good looking good yielding French bean.
  • Classic garden pea.

What pulses are native to the UK?

There are three main pulse crops grown in the UK: spring-sown combining peas, winter-sown field beans and spring-sown field beans. Other pulse crops such as soya, navy beans and lupins are also be grown on limited areas at present.

Which soil is not suitable for leguminous plants?

In the more drought-prone Brown soil zone, however, deep-rooted biennial and perennial legumes are not suitable for green manuring, as their excessive soil moisture depletion will depress the yield of subsequent wheat crops for several years.

Which legume fixes the most nitrogen?

Grain legumes such as soybean and peanut use most of their fixed nitrogen for themselves. Forage legumes, such as alfalfa and clovers, are the best crops for companion planting as they can fix substantial amounts of surplus nitrogen under the right conditions.

What is the healthiest legume to eat?

  1. Chickpeas. Also known as garbanzo beans, chickpeas are a great source of fiber and protein.
  2. Lentils. Lentils are a great source of vegetarian protein and can be a good addition to soups and stews.
  3. Peas. Peas are also a type of legume.
  4. Kidney beans.
  5. Black beans.
  6. Soybeans.
  7. Pinto beans.
  8. Navy beans.

What are types of legume plants?


  • Lentils.
  • Peas.
  • Broad beans.
  • Chickpeas.
  • Soybeans.
  • Beans (lima, common)
  • Peanuts.