Which type of irrigation is used in Punjab?
Pannu said, “Drip irrigation has been successfully used by the Punjab farmers on their Orchards. By this method, one could get 200 quintals of yield more than the production by traditional irrigation method.”
How is irrigation done in Punjab?
Agriculture in Punjab has a very heavy requirement of water and about 85 percent of the water resources in the state are consumed by agriculture i.e. for irrigation purposes. The major sources of irrigation in the state are its extensive canal system and underground water drawn out by tube wells.
Why is irrigation significant in Punjab?
(i) Punjab is one of the major wheat-producing states in India. Rainfall in the state is irregular. Hence, irrigation works are required in this region on a large scale.
What is the percentage of irrigation in Punjab?
Land Area Under Irrigation. As per the information available on the website of Ministry of Agriculture & Cooperation, Government of India, the percentage of cultivated land area that is covered by the Irrigation in different areas of Punjab is about 97.03%.
How many canals are there in Punjab?
As shown in Figure 2, there are seven major canal irrigation systems in Punjab and they are, Sirhind Canal, Bist Doab Canal, Ferozepur Feeder/Sirhind Feeder, Eastern Canal, Makhu Canal, Bhakra Main Line Canal, Upper Bari Doab Canal, Kasmir Canali. Shahnehar Canal and Kandi Canal .
Which river provides water for the farmers of Punjab?
The State of Punjab is a part of the Indus River System in the north and north- west of the Indian Sub-continent. It is separated from the Ganga basin by the Ghaggar River. It flows only seasonally and is famous for its flash floods in the south-eastern parts of the state.
How has irrigation helped the agricultural production in Punjab?
The water provided by the government was not sufficient to harvest multiple crops in one season as every crop requires different water levels. Now with drip irrigation, I can harvest multiple crops at the same time. It not only helps in efficient use of water, but also reduces the labor and the number of man-hours.
Why is irrigation needed in the Punjab Haryana plains?
Solution. The alluvial Punjab-Haryana Plain has become prosperous due to tube-wells and canal irrigation. The areas near the rivers are served by canals. The region has a high percentage of area under irrigation.
What type of farming is done in Punjab?
The largest area is under wheat crop. Other important crops of the state are rice, cotton, sugarcane, pearl millet, maize, barley and fruit. (f) Scope of Farm Mechanization: Punjab is the most mechanized state and the farm power availability in the State during the year 2001 was 3.50 kW/ha.
Which is the longest canal in Punjab?
Sirhind Canal, canal in Punjab state, northwestern India. It opened in 1882 and consists of an extensive canal system that irrigates more than 5,200 square km (2,000 square miles) of farmland.
What takes the major share of water in Punjab?
Mind-boggling water consumption Paddy is the main consumer of groundwater in Punjab.
Which provides water for the farmers of Punjab?
Punjab is predominantly an agricultural State with the highest percentage of irrigated land. Paddy is widely cultivated in the State and requires a large amount of water for irrigation. In Punjab, paddy is cultivated in 2.814 million hectares, and 73% area is irrigated by tube wells.
Will Punjab become desert?
Committee Chairman and Kapurthala MLA Rana Gurjit Singh told the media that the state will turn into a desert in 25 years if the practice of drawing water from underground aquifers continues. He said that the state requires 64 billion cubic metres (BCM) of water, but had a shortfall of 14 BCM.
What is Punjab famous for in agriculture?
Punjab is the largest producer of wheat in India and it produces around 2 million tonnes every year. Rice is produced highly in Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Kapurthala districts in Punjab. The leading cash crop cultivated by the agricultural sector in Punjab is cotton.
What type of soil is in Punjab?
The soils are sandy loam to clay loam with light grey colour to dark colour, structure is loose and more fertile.
Which state has highest canal irrigation?
The maximum part of the total irrigated area of the country by canals is in Uttar Pradesh. Other major states where irrigation is done by canals are Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab and Bihar.
Which type of agriculture is Practised in Punjab?
The major agricultural products in Punjab comprise of wheat, maize, rice, and bajra. Among all these, wheat paramounts the entire crop plantation whereas rice and maize are confined to few regions only. Punjab is the largest producer of wheat in India and it produces around 2 million tonnes every year.
What is water level in Punjab?
Punjab is occupied by Quaternary alluvial deposits of Indus river basin. In major part of the state, ground water levels are in the range of 10 to 20 meters. However around major cities like Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar and Sangrur, water levels are 20 to 40 meters deep.
Will groundwater run out in Punjab?
As per the Central Ground Water Board, Punjab’s groundwater in the first 100 metres will get exhausted by 2029 and it will drop below 300 metres by 2039.”
What are the canal irrigation systems in Punjab?
Canal irrigation systems in Punjab comprise of Sirhind Canal system, Bist Doab Canal system, Bhakra Main Line (BML) Canal System, Upper Bari Doab Canal system, Kashmir Canal, Ferozepur Feeder/Sirhind Feeder system, Eastern Canal system, Makhu Canal System, Shahnehar Canal system and the Kandi Canal system.
What is the total river water allocated to Punjab?
The total river water allocated to Punjab is 14.22 MAF which is distributed to command area through 7 main canal system namely Sirhind Canal System, Bist Doab Canal system , UBDC system , Sirhind Feeder System , Eastern Canal system, Bhakra Main line System and Shahnehar Canal System.
What is irrigation in India?
Irrigation in India includes a network of major and minor canals from Indian rivers, groundwater well based systems, tanks, and other rainwater harvesting projects for agricultural activities.
Canal Acts. Canal Projects. The total river water allocated to Punjab is 14.22 MAF which is distributed to command area through 7 main canal system namely Sirhind Canal System, Bist Doab Canal system , UBDC system , Sirhind Feeder System , Eastern Canal system, Bhakra Main line System and Shahnehar Canal System.