What is an abdominal Pseudocyst?
Abdominal pseudocyst (APC) is an uncommon manifestation of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt that is attributed to an inflammatory response, usually the result of infection.
Can a VP shunt cause abdominal pain?
In patients with VP shunts, usually children, lack of absorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may produce a painful abdominal CSF pseudocyst.
Can a VP shunt cause stomach bloating?
When the rate at which the CSF enters the cavity is higher than its capacity to absorb it is overwhelmed, ascitis can occur, with abdominal distension and increase in intraperitoneal pressure. A number of abdominal complications have been reported following the VP shunt placement.
Where is a VP shunt placed?
It is sent down the neck and chest, and usually into the belly area. Sometimes, it stops at the chest area. In the belly, the catheter is often placed using an endoscope. The doctor may also make a few more small cuts, for instance in the neck or near the collarbone, to help pass the catheter under the skin.
Why do shunts get blocked?
A shunt blockage from blood cells, tissue, or bacteria can occur in any part of the shunt. Both the ventricular catheter (the portion of the tubing placed in the brain) and the distal part of the catheter (the tubing that drains fluid to another part of the body) can become blocked by tissue.
How long can a person live with a shunt?
The shunt event-free survival is approximately 70% at 12 months and is nearly half that at 10 years, post-operatively. Shunts that are placed to channel CSF to other parts of the body may fail due to malfunction or infection. Infections occur in less than 10% of all surgeries.
Can you live a normal life with a VP shunt?
Many people with normal pressure hydrocephalus enjoy a normal life with the help of a shunt. Regular, ongoing checkups with the neurosurgeon will help ensure that your shunt is working correctly, your progress is on track, and you are free to keep living the way you want.