What is the Ahaggar Massif?
Ahaggar, also spelled Hoggar, large plateau in the north centre of the Sahara, on the Tropic of Cancer, North Africa. Its height is above 3,000 feet (900 m), culminating in Mount Tahat (9,573 feet [2,918 m]) in southeastern Algeria.
What is the highest mountain in Ahaggar?
Mount TahatHoggar Mountains / Highest pointMount Tahat is the highest mountain peak in Algeria. It sits at an elevation of 2,908 metres. Other sources indicate an elevation of 3,003 metres. Tahat is also the highest peak in the Hoggar Mountains. Its nearest city is Tamanrasset which is located 56 km to the south.
Mount Tahat is of volcanic origin. Wikipedia
How were the Ahaggar Mountains formed?
Geological studies have concluded that about 300 million years ago violent earthquakes of enormous proportions pushed up this central massif or plateau region of the Sahara. This was followed by volcanic eruptions that poured enormous beds of basaltic lava over the area.
How old are the Ahaggar Mountains?
approximately 2 billion years old
The mountains are primarily composed of metamorphic rock approximately 2 billion years old, although there are areas where more recent volcanic activity has laid down much newer rock.
What is the highest summit in the Sahara?
Mount Koussi, also called Emi Koussi, highest summit (11,204 feet [3,415 m]) in the Sahara, situated 109 miles (176 km) north-northwest of Faya in the Tibesti massif, northwestern Chad.
In which Northern African country is the Ahaggar mountain range found?
The northern African country that the Ahaggar mountain range is found ins Algeria.
What is the oldest mountain range in the world?
The Barbertown Greenstone Belt
The Barbertown Greenstone Belt (3.6 Billion Years) The Barbertown Greenstone Belt, or Makhonjwa Mountains is the very oldest mountain range in the world. These mountains are full of ancient fossils, volcanic rock and, you got it, gold.
Did Queen Victoria give Mt Kilimanjaro?
Snow-capped Mt Kilimanjaro. This is coupled with a belief that Kilimanjaro belonged to Kenya but Queen Victoria, then the monarch of the United Kingdom, gave it to her grandson, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, as a birthday gift in 1886.
Did Queen Victoria give away Mount Kilimanjaro?
The popular story behind Kilimanjaro been in Tanzania revolves around Queen Victoria giving the mountain to Kaiser Wilhelm II as a gift but this is far from the truth. During the Scramble for Africa present-day Kenya was under British rule and Tanzania, known as German East Africa, was under German control.
What is the youngest mountain in the world?
All continents have mountains. Generally, we distinguish two types of mountains, according to their age. Young mountains, created several dozen million years ago, have steep slopes and high-pointed peaks. The youngest mountains, also the highest in the world, are within the Himalayas massif in Asia.
Where is Ahaggar located?
The Ahaggar is a part of the Mid-Sahara Rise, which stretches 1,300 mi (2,092 km) east to west and 965 mi (1,553 km) south to north. The Mid-Sahara Rise includes the Adrar des Iforhas Mountains in MALI and the Massif de l’Air Mountains in Niger.
What is the Ahaggar mountain chain?
The Ahaggar Mountain chain, which is also called the Hoggar Mountains, is situated on top of the Ahaggar plateau. The plateau is like a platform covered with lava fields. The Tuaregs call the platform the Atakor, while the Arabs call it the Kudia.
What is the highest peak in the Ahaggar Mountains?
At the center of the Ahaggar Mountains is the highest peak, Mount Tahat (9,573 feet or 2,918 m). Other peaks include Mount Atakor and Mount Assekrem, which is where the Berber Tuaregs locate the “end of the world.”
What is the height of the Hoggar plateau?
Written By: Ahaggar, also spelled Hoggar, large plateau in the north centre of the Sahara, on the Tropic of Cancer, North Africa. Its height is above 3,000 feet (900 m), culminating in Mount Tahat (9,573 feet [2,918 m]) in southeastern Algeria.