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What causes a Talocalcaneal coalition?

What causes a Talocalcaneal coalition?

Causes. Most often, tarsal coalition occurs during fetal development, resulting in the individual bones not forming properly. Less common causes of tarsal coalition include infection, arthritis or a previous injury to the area.

Is a tarsal coalition a disability?

Tarsal coalitions may cause altered foot biomechanics leading to patient disability from osteoarthritis and other sequelae. While some types of coalition are common, isolated talonavicular coalitions are relatively rare.

What is non osseous?

The non-osseous pathway may involve a possible mechanism that includes dynamic sound pressure transmission from the contents of the skull, such as brain tissue and cerebrospinal fluid via the internal auditory canal, cochlear aqueduct and/or vestibular aqueduct to the cochlea.

How common is a tarsal coalition?

The two most common sites of tarsal coalition are between the calcaneus and navicular bones, or between the talus and calcaneus bones. However, other joints can also be affected. It is estimated that one out of every 100 people may have a tarsal coalition. In about 50% of cases, both feet are affected.

Is tarsal coalition congenital?

Tarsal coalition represents abnormal fusion between two or more tarsal bones and is a frequent cause of foot and ankle pain. Congenital tarsal coalition is a diagnosis that is often overlooked in young patients who first present with foot and ankle pain.

Are tarsal coalition hereditary?

Tarsal coalition is a genetically determined condition. If one of a child’s parents has the condition, there is a chance that the child will also have it. If it occurs sporadically (by chance), it means that a genetic mutation took place during a child’s fetal development.

What is the osseous mean?

: of, relating to, or composed of bone.

Is tarsal coalition a birth defect?

How is talocalcaneal coalition treated?

Conclusions: A symptomatic talocalcaneal coalition can be treated with excision and fat graft interposition, and achieve good to excellent results in 85% of patients. Patients should be counseled that a subset may require further surgery to correct malalignment.

What does no osseous mean?

Osseous: Having to do with bone, consisting of bone, or resembling bone.

What are osseous abnormalities?

Entheseous new bone and endosteal irregularity of the middle and distal phalanges were the most frequent types of osseous abnormality. There was a higher incidence of osseous abnormalities medially than laterally and at the ligament insertion than at the origin.

What does osseous mean in medical terms?

Medical Definition of osseous : of, relating to, or composed of bone.