What led to the formation of trade unions in Zambia?
The genesis of trade unionism in Zambia dates back to the time of the start of mining on the Copperbelt after huge deposits of copper were discovered in the region in the 1920s leading to commercial mining. The establishment of the copper mines was followed by collective action and organisation by African workers.
What were the first trade unions?
Possibly the first such union was the General Union of Trades, also known as the Philanthropic Society, founded in 1818 in Manchester.
How are trade unions formed in Zambia?
Zambia Congress of Trade Unions was established in 1965 through an act of Parliament, until 1993, the ZCTU was the sole umbrella organisation of trade Unions in the country. Currently, the ZCTU represents thirty three (33) affiliated national unions, operating in various sectors of the economy.
When did the first trade unions begin and what was their purpose?
In 1828 New South Wales introduced its Masters’ and Servants Act, under which the refusal to work could end in prosecution. In the 1830s labourers formed societies to represent their interests.
Which was the first trade union in Zambia?
ZCTU was founded in 1964. The ZCTU was created by the government to replace the former United Trade Union Congress. It has 33 affiliated unions….
|Zambia Congress of Trade Unions
|Nkole Chishimba, president Cosmas Mukuka, Secretary General
How many trade unions are there in Zambia?
There are about 25 unions in Zambia and the two main groupings are Zambia Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU) and Federation of Free Trade Unions in Zambia (FFTUZ). These two federations at times unite to strengthen the workers’ socio-political representation and the labour union movement on the whole.
When did the trade union start?
The 1871 Trade Union Act, introduced by William Gladstone’s Liberal government, established the legal status of trade unions – although other legislation made it difficult for unions to organise picketing and strikes.
What is a brief history of the trade union?
Historical development As an organized movement, trade unionism (also called organized labour) originated in the 19th century in Great Britain, continental Europe, and the United States. In many countries trade unionism is synonymous with the term labour movement.
What was the original purpose of unions?
Labor unions were created in order to help the workers with work-related difficulties such as low pay, unsafe or unsanitary working conditions, long hours, and other situations. Workers often had problems with their bosses as a result of membership in the unions.
What are the different types of trade unions?
Trade Union – 4 Types of Structure: Craft Unions, General Unions, Industrial Unions and Federation and Confederation.
When the first trade union was formed and who was in it?
During the 1830s labour unrest and trade union activity reached new levels. For the first time men began to organise trade associations with nationwide aims, such as Robert Owen’s short-lived Grand National Consolidated Trades Union, formed in February 1834.
How was the first trade union formed?
The earliest trade union was formed in Bombay when textile mills were established in 1851. Trade unions also emerged in Calcutta in 1854 with the establishment of jute mills there. Shorabji Shapuri Bengali and C.P. Mazumdar were among the pioneers of these early labour uprisings in the country.
When did unions start?
Origins of The Labor Movement The formation of the Federal Society of Journeymen Cordwainers (shoemakers) in Philadelphia in 1794 marks the beginning of sustained trade union organization among American workers.
What is the origin of trade union?
Wherever capitalist industrialists expand their profit-seeking activities across the globe, the idea of trade unionism follows. By the late 1800s and early 1900s British capitalists set up industries in many countries in South, East and West Africa and several other places.
What are the rights of workers in Zambia?
In accordance with the Zambian Constitution/draft Bill of Rights, workers have the right to form, join or participate in the activities and programmes of a trade union. A person must not be compelled to join a union and the parliament must provide the legislation for the registration of associations.
What is the law on collective bargaining in Zambia?
Source: §38 & 54 of the Constitution of the Republic of Zambia, 2016; §4-27 of the Industrial and Labour Relation Act, 1993 Freedom of Collective Bargaining Right to collective bargaining is guaranteed under the Constitution and recognized by the Industrial and Labour Relations Act.
What is the right to strike in Zambia?
Source: §54 of the Constitution of the Republic of Zambia, 2016; §65-74 and 79-83 of the Industrial and Labour Relation Act, 1993 Right to strike is provided under the constitution and it is regulated under the Industrial and Labour Relations Act.
What are the requirements of a trade union?
Trade union members are free to determine their own administration, programmes and activities; and form and join a federation. The union must get registered within six months of its date of formation. As prescribed by the Minister, an application signed by at least 50 members is submitted to the Commissioner.