What did the eastern tribes live in?
The Eastern Woodlands Indians of the north lived predominately in dome-shaped wigwams (arched shelters made of a framework of poles and covered with bark, rush mats, or hides) and in long houses (multi-family lodges having pole frames and covered with elm shingles).
What kind of houses did eastern woodland tribes build?
One of the shelters of the Eastern Woodland tribes is called Wigwams. They are made of whatever the Native Americans had available. Such as: bark, animal skins, and water tight rush mats made of cattails.
What did the Eastern Woodlands tribe live in?
Eastern Woodland Native Americans commonly lived in wigwams or wickiups. The frame was made of willow saplings. The frame was also covered with woven cattail mats or bark. A fire pit would have been located in the middle and bedding on the floor or on raised bed frames made of sticks.
What type of houses did the natives live in?
The different types of Native American homes include teepee, wigwam, longhouse, chickee, igloo, and cliff dwelling, among others.
What was the Eastern Woodlands environment like?
The physical environment includes coastal plains, river valleys, mountains, and lush forests. Farming is possible in most areas, and the main crops that Native Americans grew were corn, beans, and squash. They also hunted small game and fished to supplement their farming.
What are wigwams made of?
Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birch bark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof. Once the birch bark is in place, ropes or strips of wood are wrapped around the wigwam to hold the bark in place.
How do tribes make their houses?
To build a Longhouse, the tribe would gather tall poles (made from trees) and create a rectangular frame. At the top they added curved poles to build the roof. The roof was covered with bark and grass which acted like shingles.
What are native huts called?
Wigwams are round, domed huts that were used by many different Native American cultures. Tribes in the Northeastern United States usually called these structures wigwams, while tribes in the Southwestern United States often called them wickiups. The Wampanoag tribe used the word wetu for these structures.
What tribes used wigwams?
Wigwams (or wetus) are Native American houses used by Algonquian Indians in the woodland regions. Wigwam is the word for “house” in the Abenaki tribe, and wetu is the word for “house” in the Wampanoag tribe. Sometimes they are also known as birchbark houses. Wigwams are small houses, usually 8-10 feet tall.
How did the woodland Indians live?
Woodland tribes lived in wigwams and longhouses. Wigwams are round, wooden-framed structures, covered in bark. Only one familylived in a wigwam. Longhouses are made the same way as wigwams except they are rectangular, instead of round.
When did the Eastern Woodland Indians live?
Between 800 B.C. and A.D. 800, they lived in the Ohio and Mississippi river valleys.
How did Indians build wigwams?
Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof. Once the birchbark is in place, ropes or strips of wood are wrapped around the wigwam to hold the bark in place.
What was life like in a longhouse?
The length and interior space of the longhouse was divided up into compartments or apartments, which were 20 feet long. Two families lived in each compartment, one on each side of an aisle that ran down the center. The aisle extended from one compartment to the next and ran the full length of the longhouse.
What was inside of a longhouse?
Dried meats and corn, as well as other food and personal belongings, were stored on platforms built high up on the walls of the longhouse. Firewood was stacked in areas near the entrances at either end of the structure. Covered pits dug inside the house also stored food.
What is teepee house?
Teepee is a tall, cone-shaped tent dwelling used by the plains’ Indians, and was made by stretching buffalo skin over a skeleton of 20-30 wooden poles, all slanted towards a central point and tied together near the top. A flap at the top allowed smoke to escape, and a flap at the bottom served as a doorway.