What is covenanted and Uncovenanted civil service?
The civil services were divided into two categories – covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of British civil servants occupying the higher posts in the government. The uncovenanted civil service was introduced to facilitate the entry of Indians at the lower rung of the administration.
In which year Indian were allowed in the civil services?
Recommendations of Lord Macaulay (in the backdrop of Charter Act of 1853 along with Queen’s Proclamation of 1858) led to the enactment of Indian Civil Services Act 1861 which allowed Indians to compete at par with the Britishers in an open merit based recruitment.
How civil servants are removed in India?
Article 311 (2): No civil servant shall be dismissed or removed or reduced in rank except after an enquiry in which s/he has been informed of the charges and given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of those charges.
How are civil services classified in India?
Civil Services, after Independence, have been categorized into three types-All India Services (common to both Centre & States), Central Services (for purely Central subjects) and State Services (for the administration of subjects under State jurisdiction).
Who introduced covenanted and Uncovenanted?
During the British raj, Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised, and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’. Cornwallis introduced two divisions of the Indian Civil service—covenanted and uncovenanted.
Who is Father of Indian civil service?
During the British raj, Warren Hastings laid the foundation of civil service and Charles Cornwallis reformed, modernised, and rationalised it. Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’.
Can Chief Minister suspend IAS?
Yes, if a prima facie case is made out for grant of sanction for prosecution. Ministries/Departments where the officer is working [unlike section 19(1) of the PC Act, 1988, there is no concept of “who so ever is competent to remove/dismiss” in determining the competent authority] No.
Who can suspend an IAS officer?
The Central government’s powers and capacity to harm, harass and torment a non-compliant IAS officer is far more than that of states, and it can impose major penalty including dismissal. An autocratic government can even summarily dismiss an IAS officer without inquiry by invoking Article 311 of the constitution.
What are the 24 Civil Services?
All India Services
- Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
- Indian Police Service (IPS)
- Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
- Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
- Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
- Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
- Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
- Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
Who introduced covenanted civil service?
Hence, Charles Cornwallis is known as ‘the Father of civil service in India’. Cornwallis introduced two divisions of the Indian Civil service—covenanted and uncovenanted. The covenanted civil service consisted of only Europeans (i.e., British personnel) occupying the higher posts in the government.
What is covenanted cadre?
Derived from the Covenants of good behaviour that an employee was obliged to sign, a Covenanted Civil Servant became a member of the cadre of men who administered the government of India. Most of those who served in the first half of the nineteenth century were trained and educated at Haileybury.
Who is the first Indian Civil Service officer?
Shri Satyendranath Tagore
All this made it difficult for Indian candidates. Nevertheless, in 1864, the first Indian, Shri Satyendranath Tagore brother of Shri Rabindaranath Tagore succeeded. Three years later 4 other Indians succeeded.
Can Judge remove IAS officer?
Simply speaking, only the President of India can suspend or dismiss IAS officers after reviewing their case. The central government also has rights in this matter.
Who controls IAS officer?
All IAS officers, regardless of the mode of entry, are appointed by the President of India. Only about 180 candidates out of over 1 million applicants, who apply through CSE, are successful, a success rate of less than 0.01 per cent. As a result, the members of the service are often referred as “heaven-born”.
Can CM suspend DM?