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What is one main difference between Clausewitz and Jomini?

What is one main difference between Clausewitz and Jomini?

Clausewitz rose through the military rank and file with various combat and staff duties. This career path exposed him to strategic planning and political-military decisions at the highest level. In contrast, Jomini never held military command and subsequently spent his life in search of recognition he felt he deserved.

What was Jomini strategy?

Jomini’s “Fundamental Principle of War” involved four maxims: 1) To maneuver the mass of the army, successively upon the decisive points of a theater of war, and attack the enemy’s lines of communication as frequently as possible while still protecting ones own; 2) To quickly maneuver and engage fractions of the …

What are some of the principal differences between the military theories of Jomini and Clausewitz?

Jomini was a systems-oriented thinker who sought to derive principles that would have wide battlefield application. Conversely, Clausewitz recognized the situational nature of war and was suspicious of prescriptive maxims.

What is modern military theory?

Military theory is a field of study that seeks to understand the phenomena of war and its links to wider conflict; and provides a framework for the valid creation and dissemination of the knowledge of war and warfare. In other words, military theory is the epistemology of war.

How does Clausewitz define a center of gravity?

A center of gravity is the one element within a combatant’s entire structure or system that has the necessary centripetal force to hold that structure together. This is why Clausewitz wrote that a blow directed against a center of gravity will have the greatest effect.

Who writes military doctrine?

The United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) is responsible for developing Army doctrine. TRADOC was developed early in the 1970s as a response to the American Army’s difficulties in the Vietnam War, and is one of the reforms that improved Army professionalism.

Who invented maneuver warfare?

A latter 20th century military theorist, the late Col John Boyd, USAF (Ret), built upon Fuller and Liddell Hart’s theory of the psychological and physical element of the enemy and developed what we refer to today as maneuver warfare.

What is Clausewitz theory?

Clausewitz posits how in the abstract: “If you want to overcome. your enemy you must match your effort against his power of resistance. . . . But the enemy will do the same; competition will again result and, in pure theory, it must again force you both to extremes.”

What is strategy Clausewitz?

Clausewitz gives us the answer. Strategy is the necessary response to the inescapable reality of limited resources. No entity, regardless of size, has unlimited resources. Strategy, therefore, is about making choices on how we will concentrate our limited resources to achieve competitive advantage.

What does Clausewitz mean by friction?

August 28, 2017. The great philosopher of war, Karl von Clausewitz, coined the term: “Friction,” he wrote, is “the concept that differentiates actual war from war on paper,” those surprising things that happen during wartime that make “even the simplest thing difficult.”

What is the difference between military theory and doctrine?

Doctrine links theory, history, experimentation, and practice. Its objective is to foster initiative and creative thinking. Doctrine provides the military with an authoritative body of statements on how military forces conduct operations and provides a common lexicon for use by military planners and leaders.

What are the two theories of relativity?

The theory of relativity usually encompasses two interrelated theories by Albert Einstein: special relativity and general relativity, proposed and published in 1905 and 1915, respectively. Special relativity applies to all physical phenomena in the absence of gravity.

What is Einstein’s theory of general relativity?

Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity. In 1905, Albert Einstein determined that the laws of physics are the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum was independent of the motion of all observers. This was the theory of special relativity. It introduced a new framework for all of physics…

When was the theory of relativity published?

Einstein developed general relativitybetween 1907 and 1915, with contributions by many others after 1915. The final form of general relativity was published in 1916. [3] The term “theory of relativity” was based on the expression “relative theory” (German: Relativtheorie) used in 1906 by Planck, who emphasized how the theory uses the principle

Who contributed to the development of general relativity?

Max Planck, Hermann Minkowski and others did subsequent work. Einstein developed general relativity between 1907 and 1915, with contributions by many others after 1915. The final form of general relativity was published in 1916.