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What is blanking and deep drawing?

What is blanking and deep drawing?

Drawing is a process of forming flat sheet blanks into hollow shapes by means of a punch that causes the metal to be formed into the die cavity. If the depth is one or more times the diameter of the final shape, then the process is called deep drawing.

How do you prevent tearing in deep when drawing?

Punch and die radius should be large enough to reduce tearing in deep drawing process.

What is deep drawing process?

Deep drawing is a sheet metal forming process in which a sheet metal blank is radially drawn into a forming die by the mechanical action of a punch. It is thus a shape transformation process with material retention. The process is considered “deep” drawing when the depth of the drawn part exceeds its diameter.

What are the common problems in the deep drawing?

5 Common Deep Draw Problems and How to Avoid Them

  • Metal Fracture.
  • Wrinkles on the Top Edge.
  • Uneven Top Rim.
  • Fractures at the Bottom of the Cup.
  • Excess Material at the top of the Drawn Shell.

What causes wrinkling in deep drawing?

Several factors can cause wrinkles in deep drawn parts, including: Blank holder pressure. Die cavity depth and radius. Friction between the blank, blank holder, punch and die cavity.

What is blank holding?

The blank holding force controls the folding of the tray blank into the mould cavity. In the forming process, the tray flange is flattened by applying high force on the material between the female mould and the blank holder.

What are the defects in deep drawing?

The main defects of deep drawn parts are wrinkling and/or necking. Wrinkling usually occurs at the flange region by excessive compressive stresses leading to local buckling of the sheet. On the other hand, necking is due to the excessive radial tensile stress.

What are the primary defects of deep drawing operation?

The most common defects in deep drawing operations are wrinkling, galling, orange peeling, earing, and tearing.

What is blank holder pressure?

The pressure of fluid is acting radially on surface of blank during the process. The radial pressure of fluid is controlled by the blank holder pressure. As these two pressures are equal, the deformation of blank is uniform to get a required shape and also it prevents the blank failure during deformation.

How does deep drawing work?

In its most basic form, deep drawing uses a punch to force a sheet metal blank into a die cavity to produce a tall, smooth, closed-ended part with the same sheet thickness as the blank.

What are the parameters that affect the quality of deep drawing?

As for conventional deep drawing, the major parameters which influence the process and product quality include the dimensions of the blank, the punch and die dimensions, especially the punch corner radii, the clearance between the punch and the die, as well as the blank-holder geometry, the interfacial conditions, and the holding pressures.

How do you find the size of a deep drawn product?

These deep-drawn products shapes were obtained while minimizing stretch. To calculate the blank size needed for drawing the round cup, calculate the surface area into a flat blank diameter, divide the surface area in square inches by 3.141, or π, and take the square root of the sum. Multiply this number by 2.

What are the main defects of conventional deep drawing process?

The schematic drawing of the conventional deep drawing process is depicted in Figure 6.1. The stress in the flange region during the deep drawing process is a combination of radial tensile drawing stress and a tangential compressive stress (hoop stress). The main defects of deep drawn parts are wrinkling and/or necking.