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What are the functions of ribosomes?

What are the functions of ribosomes?

Ribosomes have two main functions — decoding the message and the formation of peptide bonds. These two activities reside in two large ribonucleoprotein particles (RNPs) of unequal size, the ribosomal subunits. Each subunit is made of one or more ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) and many ribosomal proteins (r-proteins).

What is a ribosome made of?

A ribosome is an intercellular structure made of both RNA and protein, and it is the site of protein synthesis in the cell. The ribosome reads the messenger RNA (mRNA) sequence and translates that genetic code into a specified string of amino acids, which grow into long chains that fold to form proteins.

What is the structure of a ribosome?

A ribosome is made out of RNA and proteins, and each ribosome consists of two separate RNA-protein complexes, known as the small and large subunits. The large subunit sits on top of the small subunit, with an RNA template sandwiched between the two.

What is 50S and 30S in ribosome?

Ribosomes are composed of two subunits with densities of 50S and 30S (“S” refers to a unit of density called the Svedberg unit). The 30S subunit contains 16S rRNA and 21 proteins; the 50S subunit contains 5S and 23S rRNA and 31 proteins.

Why 60s and 40s make 80s?

The large sub-unit sediments at 50s, the small sub-unit sediments at 30s, but the two together (that is, the whole ribosome) sediments at 70s, not 80s. The same way an eukaryotic ribosome has a large sub-unit that sediments at 60s, a small one that sediments at 40s, but the whole structure sediments at 80s, not 100s.

Can a cell survive without ribosomes?

Without ribosomes to produce proteins, cells simply wouldn’t be able to function properly. They would not be able to repair cellular damage, create hormones, maintain cellular structure, proceed with cell division or pass on genetic information via reproduction.

What are types of ribosomes?

There are two types of ribosomes, free and fixed (also known as membrane bound). They are identical in structure but differ in locations within the cell. Free ribosomes are located in the cytosol and are able to move throughout the cell, whereas fixed ribosomes are attached to the rER.

What are 2 types of ribosomes?

What is Frank Klepacki famous for?

Frank Klepacki (pronounced / kləˈpæki /, Polish klɛpat͡skʲi) is an American musician and video game composer, best known for his work on the Command & Conquer series. Having learned to play drums as a child, he joined Westwood Studios as a composer when he was 17 years old.

Is Schreiber’s critical analysis of the Bogdanovs’work accurate?

Additionally, in the same addendum, a critical analysis of their work made by Urs Schreiber, and affirmed by the Bogdanovs as “very accurate”, was included with the exception of the concluding remark “Just to make sure: I do not think that any of the above is valid reasoning”, thus inverting the meaning from criticism into ostensible support.

Where can I listen to Klepacki’s music?

Klepacki runs a personal website featuring a biography, archived interviews, and a playlist of songs streamed in 128 kbit/s mp3. His music is also available from iTunes.

What is Klepacki’s best-seller album?

Featuring live drumming in certain songs, the album is Klepacki’s best-seller. Following Rocktronic was Virtual Control, released in 2005. Klepacki complemented his usual style with experiments in hip hop on the album.