What did Lewis Terman do to the IQ test?
What he found was that his high IQ subjects (which he referred to as “Termites”) tended to be healthier, taller, and more socially adapted than other kids. Based on his results, Terman suggested that gifted children should be identified early, offered tailored instruction, and have access to specially-trained teachers.
What did Lewis Terman believe?
Work. Terman believed that intelligence was inherited and was the strongest predictor of one’s ultimate success in life. He had a vision of American society as a meritocracy—a social order based on individual ability or achievement, rather than social status.
What test did Terman make?
|Alma mater||Clark University Indiana University Bloomington Central Normal College|
|Known for||IQ testing, Positive Psychology of Talent|
What did Terman say about intelligence?
Terman defined intelligence as “the ability to carry on abstract thinking” (Journal of Educational Psychology, 1921) and used the label IQ or Intelligence Quotient, which had been suggested earlier by the German psychologist William Stern.
What did Lewis Terman discover about gifted children?
Compared with a control group of California schoolchildren, Terman reported that gifted children excelled in measures of academic achievement. The profiles of gifted children also revealed that they were emotionally as well as intellectually mature.
What was the first IQ test?
the Binet-Simon Scale
6 This became known as the Binet-Simon Scale and was the first recognized IQ test. Binet quickly realized that some children were able to answer more advanced questions.
What is the Terman scale?
Terman maintained the concept of mental age in devising his formula for calculating the intelligence quotient (IQ). The formula is IQ = mental age/chronological age multiplied by 100. Thus if the child’s mental age equals her chronological age, her IQ will equal 100.
Who discovered IQ test?
psychologist Alfred Binet
1 But it wasn’t until psychologist Alfred Binet was asked to identify which students needed educational assistance that the first intelligence quotient (IQ) test was born. Although it has its limitations, Binet’s IQ test is well-known around the world as a way to assess and compare intelligence.
What do twin and adoption studies tell us about intelligence?
IQ score results from identical twins are nearly the same, whereas fraternal twins’ results are much less similar. Even monozygotic. (identical) twins who were raised in different homes have scores similar enough that many estimate that between 50% and 75% ofintelligence.
What is the Terman study?
The purpose of Terman’s longitudinal study was to examine the development of gifted children. Unfortunately, Terman undermined that goal by meddling in the lives of his subjects. He wrote letters of recommendation, gave advice to study participants, and helped some get into college (Shurkin, 1992).
What is Terman Merrill test?
The Terman Merril test assesses intelligence and determines the Intelligence Quotient (IQ) through a set of subtests with different tasks, with a total duration of between 40 and 50 minutes. On the other hand, the test measures general knowledge, planning, and decision-making.
What changes did Lewis Terman make to Binet’s test?
Lewis Terman’s approach to intelligence testing was an updated version of Binet’s. Terman also used cognitive ability, decision making, and verbal skills in his testing; however, he added mathematics, attention span, and processing skills.