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GSM uses a variation of time division multiple access (TDMA) and is the most widely used of the three digital wireless telephony technologies: TDMA, GSM and code-division multiple access (CDMA).

What is GPRS network?

General Packet Radio Services (GPRS) is a best-effort packet-switching protocol for wireless and cellular network communication services. It is considered best effort because all packets are given the same priority and the delivery of packets isn’t guaranteed.

In which year and country GSM was first deployed?

It was first deployed in Finland in December 1991. By the mid-2010s, it became a global standard for mobile communications achieving over 90% market share, and operating in over 193 countries and territories. The GSM logo is used to identify compatible devices and equipment.


Instead of the transmission schemes used in CSD, GPRS uses Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) and Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) over shared channels to transmit data. It enables always-on internet access as well as Multimedia Messages and other advanced phone features.

What is GSM CDMA or TDMA?

GSM uses TDMA and FDMA for user and cell separation. UMTS, IS-95 and CDMA-2000 use CDMA.

Who uses TDMA?

TDMA was first used in satellite communication systems by Western Union in its Westar 3 communications satellite in 1979. It is now used extensively in satellite communications, combat-net radio systems, and passive optical network (PON) networks for upstream traffic from premises to the operator.

What is GSM and GPRS?

GSM is basically the standard-bearer of 2G technology. GPRS is basically the standard-bearer of 2.5G technology. Frequency Bands. The GSM system majorly makes use of the 1800 and 900 MHz (Megahertz) frequency bands. The GPRS system majorly makes use of 1900, 1800, 900, and 750 MHz frequency bands.

What is GSM used for?

GSM stands for Global System for Mobile communication and is a digital mobile network that is primarily used with mobile phones in Europe and other parts of the world. The technique uses different time division multiple access (TDMA).

Which company invented GSM?

G.s.m is a standard developed by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocols for second-generation digital cellular networks used by mobile devices .

What is a TDMA phone?

TDMA technology, which stands for Time Division Multiple Access, is a cell phone standard that has been incorporated into the more advanced GSM standard, which is now the world’s most widely used cell phone technology. TDMA appeared in second-generation (2G) cell phone systems such as GSM.

What is GSM & CDMA?

GSM vs CDMA: Main differences GSM handsets came with a SIM card slot, while CDMA phones did not. In other words, CDMA is a handset-based standard, with a phone number linked to a particular device.