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What is 3D medical image?

What is 3D medical image?

3D medical imaging is a revolutionary optical imaging technology that provides an enriched image of the interior body for medical analysis by utilizing 3D imaging modalities.

Is Medical Imaging Computer Science?

Medical image computing (MIC) is an interdisciplinary field at the intersection of computer science, information engineering, electrical engineering, physics, mathematics and medicine.

What is image processing in medical field?

Medical image processing encompasses the use and exploration of 3D image datasets of the human body, obtained most commonly from a Computed Tomography (CT) or Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanner to diagnose pathologies or guide medical interventions such as surgical planning, or for research purposes.

What is medical image visualization?

In medical imaging, many applications require visualization and analysis of three-dimensional (3D) objects. Visualization is the process of exploring, transforming, and view data as images to gain understanding and insight into the data, which requires fast interactive speed and high image quality.

What is Atlas based segmentation?

Atlas-based segmentation exploits knowledge from previously labeled training images to segment the target image. In this paper, we focus on multi-atlas segmentation methods that map all labeled images onto the target image, which helps to reduce segmentation errors [6,8,11].

Why is medical image analysis special?

Medical Image Analysis provides a forum for the dissemination of new research results in the field of medical and biological image analysis, with special emphasis on efforts related to the applications of.

When was 3D medical imaging invented?

Three-dimensional (3D) imaging has been developed in the early of 1990’s and has gained a precious place in dentistry, especially in orthodontics.

Is CT scan 3D?

CT scans produce 2-dimensional images of a “slice” or section of the body, but the data can also be used to construct 3-dimensional images. A CT scan can be compared to looking at one slice of bread within a whole loaf.

What is UNet model?

UNet is a convolutional neural network architecture that expanded with few changes in the CNN architecture. It was invented to deal with biomedical images where the target is not only to classify whether there is an infection or not but also to identify the area of infection.

What is SegNet?

SegNet is a semantic segmentation model. This core trainable segmentation architecture consists of an encoder network, a corresponding decoder network followed by a pixel-wise classification layer. The architecture of the encoder network is topologically identical to the 13 convolutional layers in the VGG16 network.

What is an atlas in imaging?

Abstract. Normal and abnormal brains can be segmented by registering the target image with an atlas. Here, an atlas is defined as the combination of an intensity image (template) and its segmented image (the atlas labels).

Who is the father of Medical Physics?

Medical physics emerged as a separate academic discipline in France at the time of the Revolution, with Jean Hallé as its first professor. Physiological physics flowered in Germany during the mid-nineteenth century, led by the work of Adolf Fick.

Is a medical physicist a radiologist?

Abstract. The medical physicist plays a number of essential roles in the radiology department. These roles can be examined under the tripartite mission of a radiology department: patient care, teaching, and research.